October 14 is Liberation Day in Yemen to commemorate the commencement of the insurgency against British colonial rule in South Yemen.
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In 1869, South Yemen was occupied by the British Empire, while North Yemen remained a part of the Ottoman Empire. After World War I, the Ottoman Empire fell, and North Yemen became an independent nation, alongside the British “Aden Protectorate” of South Yemen.
During the early 1960’s, Arab states in the Middle East began to demand their independence from European powers, and Yemenis in South Yemen were a part of this movement. On 14 October 1963, two separate independence groups in South Yemen simultaneously attacked British forces there and occupied much of the country.
This marked the beginning of a four-year struggle for independence that ultimately ended in the British granting South Yemen full independence on 30 November 1967. Since the permanent unification of South and North Yemen in 2010, 14 October has been observed by the reunited country as Liberation Day.