Islamic New Year is a public holiday in the state of Yemen. It comes on the first day of the month of Muharram, but its date varies from year to year on the Gregorian Calendar. The first day of the Islamic calendar marks the date when Muhammad fled from Mecca to Medina.
|2020||20 Aug||Thu||Islamic New Year|
|2021||9 Aug||Mon||Islamic New Year|
Yemenis have adopted the use of the Western Calendar for many purposes, but religious holidays are based on the Islamic one. Awal Muharram is traditionally determined by moon sighting since Islamic months are based on the lunar cycle.
Muharram is also a time when Muslims, especially Shia Muslims, remember the tragic martyrdom of the Prophet Muhammad’s grandson Husayn ibn Ali at the Battle of Karbala on 10 Muharram, 61 AH. Also on 10 Muharram, Sunni Muslims remember the deliverance of Moses and the Israelites from Pharoah.