November 30 is Independence Day in Yemen to commemorate the day in 1967 when Yemen declared its independence from the British Empire.
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Colonisation of the southwestern half of modern day Yemen by Britain began in 1863, and British rule lasted about 100 years. But the north-eastern half of Yemen never was under British rule.
In 1963, independence leaders of “South Yemen” met in Geneva, Switzerland, to discuss terms with the UK. By 30 November 1967, South Yemen had been peacefully transferred to fully independent status. However, this only happened after a bloody revolt against British rule that had spanned across the previous years.
For a long time, there were two independent Yemens on the map. One had its capital city in Aden (South Yemen), while the other had its capital in Sana (North Yemen.) The two Yemeni republics peacefully united to form the single modern nation of Yemen on 22 May 1990.
Today, Independence Day is a time for all of Yemen’s people to celebrate the modern birth of their nation.